It is perhaps no coincidence that the two kamikaze attack on November 19 against the Iranian embassy in Beirut took place on the eve of the resumption of nuclear talks between the 5 +1 ( United States , Russia , China, France, Britain and Germany) and Iran in Geneva on November 20. If last summer, two attacks had hit the southern suburbs of Beirut , a stronghold of Hezbollah, the Shiite party backed by Iran, this is the first time that Iranian interests were directly affected by a terrorist act (25 dead, including the Iranian cultural advisor and four guards, and 146 injured).
Because Iran is directly involved part of the double ongoing war in the Middle East. The first and most visible is known. She opposes the Syrians them, the army of Bashar Assad against a multifaceted rebellion. Iran is a major player in the conflict. Iran, the only Shiite country in the Middle East, financially and militarily supporting the Syrian army and fighters of Hezbollah, the Lebanese Shiite party, on the ground for a good year. Iranian officials of al-Quds (shock troops of the Revolutionary Guards) serve as advisers to Hezbollah.Impossible to know the number, we learn of their existence when one of them is killed.
In front, rebellion, Sunni, is divided between rebel groups made up of young Sunni Syrians modernists who took up arms against the dictatorship (they are the least likely) fighters close to the Muslim Brotherhood (relatively moderate Sunnis) and jihadi groups shelter in their ranks Arabs more or less affiliated with al-Qaeda foreign fighters. This is one of those groups that claimed the double attack against the Iranian embassy in Beirut.
Primarily political rivalry
A warning to Iranians while plays a crucial battle in the Syrian-Lebanese border. Supported by Hezbollah, the Syrian army, which also regained ground north of Aleppo, wants to regain control of the region Qalamoun, rebels crossing point for Lebanon. They will pass the wounded fighters and weapons. All these rebel groups, including the jihadists have in common is the financial and military aid (more or less) they receive from the Gulf countries, especially in Saudi Arabia.
For more behind the underground Syrian conflict, a second war, opposes Saudi Arabia to Iran. She certainly has a religious base: the old conflict between Sunnis and Shiites, the two opposing branches of Islam since the seventh century of the Christian era. Saudi Arabia is home to two main holy places of Islam, Mecca and Medina, and is intended as such guardian of the Sunni world (90% of Muslims). Face it, the Shia, few, grouped around Iran, Hezbollah, but also the Alawite minority in Syria, of which the Assad clan. In fact, the Alawites, a syncretic sect, have always been considered a dissenting Shia. But today, their alliance is political as is first political rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Both countries are vying for supremacy in the Middle East. It is a war by rebel groups interposed between two regional powers in their struggle for supremacy.
Saudi Arabia alongside Israel!
Saudi Arabia thus takes a very dim view of the extension of Iranian influence in the region for a great decade and more the rapprochement that could outline between the United States and Iran if an agreement was found on nuclear power. In this context, Riyadh’s priority dropping Assad, Syria’s ally Iran, which allows them to have a presence to the edge of the Mediterranean.[Full article-Stratrisks]